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Knowledge Of Safety Systems on Board

Safe Practices: The Aim of this section is to ensure that the seafarer does not, at anytime, jeopardize the safety of his shipmates or himself when working in hazardous areas. a) Safe practices for working over side and aloft.b) Safe practices when entering into enclosed

The Trapezoidal Rule

Stability is the science of calculating the ability of ship to remain upright in all Conditions of weather and seas. One of the important aspects of determining such stability is the knowledge of areas and the volumes of the ship. Even though practical stability calculations

Marpol Annex VI – Air Pollution

The burning of any fuel onboard ship, creates exhaust gases or emissions and most of these have an effect on the environment. The quality of the fuel oil being burnt influences the level and type of emission, however, cylinder lubricating oil also produces emissions as

oil record book

Oil Record Book Part I

Purpose Every oil tanker of 150 gross tonnage and above Every ship of 400 gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker Is provided with an Oil Record Book Part I, (ORB) to record oil transfer operation in machinery space as per regulation 17

marpol annex III

Marpol Annex III

Harmful substances in packaged form are transported in freight containers, portable tanks or road and rail tank wagons, etc Hazards of transporting harmful substance in packaged form: During transportation they may cause environmental pollution: By leaking to hold bilges on container vessels Pollution from loss

GMDSS Equipment’s – LSA

Distress is the most serious form of emergency and means that a vessel, aircraft, person or the environment is in grave and imminent danger and requires immediate assistance. A distress signal, also known as a distress call, is an internationally recognized means for obtaining help.

Anchoring procedures enhanced

There have been a significant number of groundings, collisions and near miss incidents caused as a result of maneuvering in an anchorage, dragging anchor or leaving it too late before heaving up an anchor in poor weather. These incidents have resulted in the loss of

course recorder

Course Recorder

It records the Gyro course steered by the vessel continuously against a time scale. The record is considered as useful and vital evidence in case of any accident. The equipment is set at the commencement of a voyage with correct time and then switched on

automatic identiciation system

Automatic Identification System

AIS is a system that transmits vessel position, course and speed via a VHF radio channel to all ships within range (typically up to 30 miles). It also receives similar information from other AIS equipped vessels within range. Automatic identification system (AIS) is fitted aboard



When a ship has to steer a single course for a long time it would be tiresome for the helmsman to concentrate and steer. The aytopilot does the job of the helmsman by continuously obtaining feedback from the gyrocompass and commanding the steering gear approporately