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Turning Levers and Moments

Vessel Stopped If the tugs apply the same bollard pull of say 15 tonnes each, it is to a position 80m fore and aft of the pivot point. Thus two equal turning levers and moments of 80m x 15t (1200tm) are created resulting in even

Grounding “Actions to be taken”

Immediate actions: Take the conn. Follow emergency procedure as per company emergency procedure manual, which should include: • Sound general emergency alarm. • Stop Engines. • Announce by PA. • Head count, look for casualty and establish communication. • Close watertight doors. Activate SOPEP and


Master Duties In Case Of Collision

Duties of the master in case of a collision In case of collision between two ships, it will be the duty of the master of each ship, without endangering his ship, crew and passengers, if any: • To render to the other ship, its master,

Emergency Stop Manoeuvre

Crash Stop  No type of main engine can be reversed immediately from full rpm ahead to full rpm astern because no engine can drive the propeller at full revolutions astern while the ship herself is moving ahead at considerable speed.  The application of

Automatic Unloading System

General This system is provided to improve the efficiency of stripping work. It can perform complete stripping work by the cargo oil pump (hereinafter called “pump”) alone. The features of this system are as follows: 1) since most of stripping work is automated” pump operation


The Hague Rules of 1924 (formally the “International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading, and Protocol of Signature”) is an international convention to impose minimum standards upon commercial carriers of goods by sea  The Hague–Visby Rules is a set of international


Beaching Beaching is referred as intentional grounding. • Reason for beaching Beaching is normally done due the following: − To prevent imminent collision. − To prevent loss of vessel, when severely damaged and in danger of sinking. – The intention is to repair damage and


The Officer of the Watch should bear in mind that the engines are at his disposal. He should not hesitate to use them in case of need. However, timely notice of engine movements should be given when possible. He should also keep prominently in mind

Ice Navigation

General Ice is an obstacle to any ship, even an icebreaker, and the inexperienced Navigation Officer is advised to develop a healthy respect for the latent power and strength of ice in all its forms. However, it is quite possible, and continues to be proven

Weather System

AIR MASS When air remains over an area of the earth’s surface for several days, its physical properties are affected by those of the earth’s surface.  If the surface is WARM & WET, the overlying air will become WARM & HUMID.  Eg.  Air over the