Beaching is referred as intentional grounding.
• Reason for beaching
Beaching is normally done due the following:
− To prevent imminent collision.
− To prevent loss of vessel, when severely damaged and in danger of sinking.
– The intention is to repair damage and refloat at a later time.
• Ideal condition for beaching
− Gentle slopping beach
− Sandy or rock free beach
− Little or no current
− Sheltered waters
− Free from surf
− Less traffic
• Actions before beaching
− Take full ballast, it will help in refloating.
− Clear both anchors.
− Lay anchors and cables clear of position that the vessel is expected to come at rest, so minimizing the bottom damage.
• Bow Approach
− Clear observation of approach.
− Propeller and rudder are in deeper water.
− Strong bow would cushion any pounding effect.
− Vessel is more likely to slew.
− Use of anti‐slew wires in conjunction with the anchors is necessary.
− Difficult to lay ground tackle.
• On taking the ground
− Drive the vessel further on and reduce the possibility of pounding.
− Take additional ballast and secure the hull against movement from weather and sea/tide.
− Take precautions to prevent oil pollution.