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Ice Navigation

General Ice is an obstacle to any ship, even an icebreaker, and the inexperienced Navigation Officer is advised to develop a healthy respect for the latent power and strength of ice in all its forms. However, it is quite possible, and continues to be proven

Winter Area – What Are Your Concerns?

Before proceeding to ice zone, MASTER will check the following items: 1. Article of agreement and the geographical limit, expiry of article of agreement. 2. Class certificate, if ship has ice notation. 3. Check the charter party contract 4. Insurance coverage – premium may be