Protection and Indemnity (P&I) Clubs insure shipowners and managers for their liabilities to third parties arising out of the operation of ships. The P&I Club does not insure the hull or machinery of a ship, only liabilities. The main elements of P&I cover addressed in
What is Contingency Planning Contingency Planning means preparing a documented plan for emergencies and to ensure all on board are trained and exercised toward its execution. Every seafarer is required to be prepared for emergencies. Such preparedness can only be built in through well laid
BASIC PRINCIPLES a) Legal dispute is an inherent risk in shipping business. b) Availability of evidence is essential in settling any dispute. c) If good, clear and methodical records and documents are produced, following advantages will accrue : Disputes and claims will be resolved quickly.
Immediate actions: Follow emergency procedure as per company emergency procedure manual, which should include: • Sound general emergency alarm. • Stop Engines. • Announce by PA. • Head count, look for casualty and establish communication. • Close watertight doors. Activate SOPEP and take preventive actions
Rule 15 Crossing situation When two power-driven vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall, if circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead
Rule 14 Head-on situation (a) When two power-driven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision each shall alter her course to starboard so that each shall pass on the port side of the other. Rule 14:
Rule 13 Overtaking (a). Notwithstanding anything contained in the Rules of part B, sections I and II, any vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of the way of the vessel being overtaken. Rule 13: OVERTAKING Rule 13 has no exceptions; the overtaking vessel always
Collisions are among the most high profile of all maritime accidents. The number of collisions and their cost (personal and financial) has increased in recent years and “human error” seems to be the only common factor. Collisions should not happen but they do; sometimes with